Abstract Body painting
In medical schools, gross structure is the part of biology in which the body is examined making use of a cadaver and sometimes calls for significant amounts of effort for students to memorize the many frameworks. But medical students typically haven't any opportunity to directly transfer their particular knowledge from the laboratory to a full time income body and it's also not enough for a clinician to evaluate framework or organs of patients when you look at the medical practice. The book learning and training methodology of residing physiology shows the bodily frameworks of an income human. It is at this time getting relevance in modern physiology education and has now already been thought to be a replacement for cadaver-based structure study. Through the three main modalities of living structure – area anatomy, health imaging, and surgical treatments – pupils have the ability to take part in self-directed understanding (SDL), ultimately causing good structure knowledge outcomes.
Body artwork, a kind of human anatomy art in which the individual skin is painted, has-been reported as a good adjunct to living physiology, conventional anatomy courses, and medical abilities courses. To make use of this method to teach physiology, a number of structures – muscle tissue, vessels, bones, nerves, and internal organs – are painted onto a genuine living body, allowing for effortless palpation and examination. Medical students were reported to be engaged during the human anatomy painting program and achieving fun. This also provides the chance to accommodate pupils with many different learning styles, aiding their particular retention of anatomical knowledge. In the present study, we used the body painting method to teach hand anatomy to a team of pupils. We picked this structure because it is easy to take notice of the distal end of every supply and contains no gender-specific body organs. After the preliminary test, the participating pupils later on used body artwork for researching other anatomical elements of humans.
Student recruitment and shade susceptibility test
First- and second-year preclinical medical students of Walailak University (=96) were asked to participate in this project. All participating pupils signed individual permission forms, and moral approval had been provided by the Ethics Committee of Walailak University. Non-toxic water-washable human anatomy paints of numerous colors and brushes of various sizes were utilized for the human body painting activity. Before you start the session, the students carried out tests to find out sensitiveness toward shows made use of.
Intervention and data collection
Pupils listened to an approximately 30-min lecture on anatomical language and anatomy regarding the hand. After the lecture, the students had been arbitrarily divided into control and experimental groups, with 48 students each. In each team, students had been additional subdivided into six subgroups (=8) for reviewing hand structure by different ways. The experimental subgroups had 20 min to decorate only one framework – bones, muscles, nerve innervation and dermatome, or blood supply – from the hand of a partner and another 20 min to decorate their particular hand. These subgroups had one more 20 min for discussion. Meanwhile, students within the control group studied hand anatomy utilizing a handout and textbook for 1 h. The pupils’ short-term retention associated with the anatomy-related information had been examined both in the experimental and control groups by a couple of multiple-choice concerns. Suggestions was gotten from the experimental team by a structured questionnaire utilizing a six-point Likert scale with agree/disagree groups. Long-lasting retention ended up being examined both in teams utilizing the exact same multiple-choice questions 30 days following the human body artwork task.
Body artwork presented energetic understanding in anatomical class
Body painting is a helpful tool to show the top projection of desired frameworks and their commitment, specifically for closely related structures within the hand (a–c). Pupils finished a feedback questionnaire and a lot of stated they very highly agreed which they definitely participated in your body painting program (92%). Besides, 83per cent of students very highly assented that using human body artwork for discovering hand anatomy is interesting and felt that body artwork exercise facilitated peer-to-peer discovering. About 79% of pupils extremely strongly conformed that human anatomy painting technique should always be used to facilitate learning the anatomical structures of various other regions of the human body. In general, 71percent of students really strongly concurred that body artwork aided them to quickly list the frameworks associated with hand and offered them with a feeling of the landmarks in several frameworks. The percentages of agreement/disagreement aided by the closed concerns for body painting workout tend to be shown in .
Fig. 1. system painting of dermatome (a) bone (b) along with other relevant structures (c) in the hand.
Fig. 2. The percentages of agreement/disagreement using closed questions for body painting exercise through the pupil.